Pumps are devices used to move fluids, such as liquids, gases, and slurries, from one place to another. They are used in a variety of industries for different applications.
Here are some of the most common types of pumps, how they work, and their typical uses:
How They Work: Centrifugal pumps use an impeller to impart kinetic energy to the fluid, which is then converted to pressure energy as the fluid exits the pump.
Common Industry Uses:
Types of Fluids Pumped:
How They Work: These pumps move fluid by trapping a fixed amount and forcing (displacing) it into the discharge pipe.
How They Work: A diaphragm pump uses a diaphragm to move the fluid. The diaphragm is pushed and pulled, creating a vacuum that draws in the fluid and then expels it.
How They Work: Gear pumps use the meshing of gears to pump fluid by displacement.
How They Work: Screw pumps use one or more screws to move fluids along the screw(s).
How They Work: A peristaltic pump uses a set of rollers to compress and release a flexible tube, creating a vacuum that moves the fluid.
How They Work: These pumps are submerged in the fluid to be pumped and use a similar mechanism to centrifugal pumps.
Each type of pump has its own set of advantages and disadvantages, and the choice of pump often depends on the specific requirements of the application, such as the type of fluid to be pumped, the distance it needs to be moved, and the pressure requirements.
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